Novel Approaches for HIV Vaccines that Elicit Neutralizing Antibodies: Stable gp140 Trimers
Inventors: Stephen Harrison, Bing Chen, Dan Barouch, Joseph Nkolola, Michael Seaman
Invention Types: Therapeutics
Research Areas: Infectious Disease
Keywords: VaccineFor More Information Contact: Caron, Connie
HIV/AIDS is a major global epidemic problem affecting 0.8% of worldwide population and causing ~2 million deaths each year in the entire world. As of the end of 2009, approximately 36 million persons worldwide were living with HIV/AIDS, of which 2.5 million were newly infected during the year. A successful HIV vaccine has been elusive, due to the failure to produce an immuogen that elicits the robust production of protective, neutralizing antibodies in the recipient.||
Drs. Chen and Harrison developed a protein structure-based paradigm to vaccine design, incorporating the understanding of the dynamic changes in protein structure that occur on viral entry into the cell.
One major hurdle in the development of an immunogen for an HIV vaccine has been the need to present the viral envelop proteins in their native trimeric conformation. In collaboration with investigators from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, the inventors screened HIV gp140 proteins from a wide number of viral isolates and identified protein variants that form stable trimers and elicit strongly neutralizing antibodies in animal models.
Immunogens for an HIV vaccine that elicit robust neutralizing antibody production.
Current AIDS treatment (HAART) is expensive and offers no cure. A preventive vaccine is greatly needed, in particular for developing countries where costly medicines are often unavailable and disease transmission continues unchecked. Currently, no one has successfully developed an HIV vaccine.
• Exclusive or non-exclusive license to a company with existing HIV vaccine development pipeline ||
• Sponsored Research
Key Publications: Breadth of neutralizing antibodies elicited by stable, homogeneous clade A and clade C HIV-1 gp140 envelope trimers in guinea pigs. Nkolola JP, Peng H, Settembre EC, Freeman M, Grandpre LE, Devoy C, Lynch DM, La Porte A, Simmons NL, Bradley R, Montefiori DC, Seaman MS, Chen B, Barouch DH. J Virol. 2010 Apr;84(7):3270-9. PMID: 20053749
IPStatus: Pat. Pend.